36 Gordon Square
London WC1H 0PD

T +44 (0) 20 7958 8251
admin@lidc.bloomsbury.ac.uk

Development Debates: Can Aid Help Counter Violent Extremism and Terrorism?

Tuesday, December 5, 2017 - 18:00 to 20:00
Venue: 
Oliver Thompson Theatre at City, University of London

‘People -especially young people -feel entirely trapped in impoverished communities, where there is no order and no path for advancement, where there are no educational opportunities, where there are no ways to support families, and no escape from injustice and the humiliations of corruption -that feeds instability and disorder, and makes those communities ripe for extremist recruitment. […] So if we’re serious about countering violent extremism, we have to get serious about confronting these economic grievances.’  (Obama, February 2015)


On Tuesday 5th December 2017 the fifth debate of the LIDC & The Guardian Development Debate Series took place asking 'Can Aid Help Counter Violent Extremism and Terrorism?' at City, University of London.

LIDC has teamed up with The Guardian Development Network to host a series of panel debates on current key issues in international development. Four speakers, comprised of academics from our member colleges, development practitioners, activists and policy-makers took questions from the audience and discussions were guided by a moderator.


Event Overview

Between the 1st January and 9th November 2017, 1,038 terrorist attacks took place across the globe leading to 6,656 fatalities.

Increasingly in recent years, Western Governments have turned to aid as a way to prevent violent extremism and terrorism in low and middle-income countries, but can combatting poverty with aid really help counter violent extremism, or are our expectations of what aid can achieve unrealistic?

In 2016 the UN Secretary-General presented a Plan of Action to Prevent Violent Extremism in which he called for an approach that combines security-based counter-terrorism measures with addressing the underlying drivers of radicalization and violent extremism.

The underlying drivers of radicalization include “push” factors such as a lack of socio-economic opportunities, marginalization and discrimination, poor governance and violations of human rights. The “pull” factors include personal backgrounds and identity, distortion of religious beliefs and political ideologies and ethnic difference.

Violent extremism and terrorism pose a significant threat to national and global security, affecting economic growth and civil stability; but can humanitarian and development aid be used to address of the drivers of violent extremism and terrorism? How can we measure and evaluate impact? And where should aid be directed?

Speakers:

Almakan Orozobekova is a PhD student at the renowned Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology researching the recruitment of foreign fighters to violent islamist groups. She has recently completed  fieldwork in Kyrgyzstan (Central Asia) where she conducted interviews with individuals returning from Syria and Iraq. Almakan's main research focus is on the methods of recruitment and  the motivations of individuals to join these entities from Central Asia and Western Europe. See her profile here.

Dr. Sara Silvestri. Sara is Senior Lecturer in International Politics at City, University of London and is in charge of specialist courses on Islamism, religion and politics, and the EU. Sara has directed the Islam in Europe programme at the European Policy Centre (Brussels) and has been a research consultant to the British Council, Ethnobarometer, the European Commission, and the British Government. As an expert on Islam in Europe, religion, and intercultural relations, Sara serves in the advisory board of the British Council's 'Our Shared Future' programme, the ESRC 'Radicalisation Research' portal, and the EuroMediterranean Foundation Anna Lindh. See her profile here.

Dr Farid Panjwani. Farid is Director, Centre for Research and Evaluation in Muslim Education (CREME) at UCL Institute of Education. The Centre seeks to strengthen education in Muslim contexts along the lines of a research based, progressive and inclusive educational philosophy and Farid is also a member of the National Commission on Religious Education. His research explores interfaces between religion, citizenship and education; role of imagination in education; teaching about Islam in schools; and contemporary Muslim thought. See his profile here.

Lucy Holdaway. Lucy is Senior Peacebuilding Adviser at International Alert, a London based NGO focused on peacebuilding activities. Lucy has been working on peace and security issues since 2005 and has extensive experience of leading projects, research, training and training design in conflict-affected areas, particularly in south and southeast Asia, the Middle East and North Africa, and Europe. Lucy leads on the development, research and implementation support on our citizen–state approaches to peacebuilding. This includes leading organisational thinking and approaches to programming on violent extremism as well as within the broader development and peacebuilding sector. She works closely with country teams, NGOs and multilaterals to explore the conflict drivers of violent extremism and to challenge and improve current practice on preventing violent extremism. See her profile here.

Moderator: Bibi van der Zee, Editor of The Guardian Global Development Professionals Network. See her profile here.


 

No
Yes